Article rédigé par Bryann K. et Juliette D.
The Beatles were a famous British rock band. They came from Liverpool which is in England. The band was composed of four members : John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. They were not only a rock band, they had many inspirations that can explain the diversity of the different music styles in their albums. They played pop music as well as rock’n roll, Indian music or hard rock.
Their history began in 1956 in Liverpool when John Lennon, along with some school friends created » The Quarrymen », a music band where the future Beatles’ members Lennon, McCartney and Harrison made their debuts. They were pretty much successful but tensions between the members destroyed the band. So finally, Lennon, McCartney, Harrison and Pete Best, a drummer, were the only one left.
They created a new band : The Beatles.
Because of the advice of a producer and the lack of friendship toward Pete Best, they excluded him and replace him by Richard Starkey aka Ringo Starr.
Then they did not have a really big success, it was when they joined the EMI label that they became rockstars. They were demigods for their fans. « The fab four » as people called them were going from one success to another. They were at the top of the charts, they were literally dominating the hit-parades, and their concerts were always sold out. The Beatles were the first band to perform in a stadium. The reaction of the public in every concert was unebelieveable: it was close to hysteria. People even sold tissues and pillows that they used. In Manila, the capital of the Philippines, they avoided a lynching. When they arrived, they ignored a reception organized for them by the Filipino dictator’s wife. The group said that nobody invited them, but the Filipino were still mad. They received death threats. After the concert done, they didn’t have any police protection for their departure. A crowd was waiting for them at the airport, and they attacked the Beatles. Finally they reached their airplane and came back home.
In 1966, the Beatles stopped perfoming live because in addition of being bored of the concerts and the lack of security, the Beatles were becoming more ambitious about their music and worked on creative techniques that could not be played live.
Today they are still the artists who sold the most records in the world. The Beatles have made a great impact on music by trying things that were new and different. They were experimenting with different types of music style and instruments. It encouraged other musicians to do the same like Nirvana, The Beach Boys, Billy Joel and many others.
Atfer the death of their manager Brian Epstein caused by an overdose, the Beatles were on their own. Indeed, the manager was a kind of leader (the 5th member), he was the one who handled the group’s finance and settled the dispute between the members. The Beatles struggled at managing their issues. With him, it was also the group cohesion which disappeared. Among the members, it was John Lennon who was the most affected by B.Epstein’s death as he was very close to him. Seeing the damages caused by this death, Paul McCartney attempted to replace him, he took the position of leader and he progressively imposed his domination. But his authority was contested by the other members. As Harrison matured, he became a good song-writer, nevertheless his song kept being rejected by Lennon and McCartney. Gradually, the competition about who would be the most represented in the albums grew. The appearance of Yoko Ono in Lennon’s life complicated the relationships between the members. Yoko Ono settled in the Beatles’ studio, the famous Abbey road studio and took part in the beatles’ life. She openly made comments, suggestions and emited criticisms. On top of that, there was also the fact that their public reputation was deteriorated by their use of drugs and the « more popular than Jesus » scandal. In 1966, during an interview, Lennon stated « we’re more popular than Jesus » then he added « Jesus was all right but his disciples were thick and ordinary ». Another story affected the Beatles’ popularity. During their American tour, they are believed to have paid four prostitutes, one for each of them. They were waiting for them at their hotel. All thoses factors led to the break down of the Beatles.